Abacus is use as a Mathematics tool. It is a calculating tool with beads and rods. It has mainly two parts which is Upper Part (Heaven part) and Lower Part which called as (Earth Part). The upper beads located on upper desk and lower on lower. It is bifurcated in two parts by a middle bar.
Besides the rows, the abacus has different columns. Each column represents a place value such as tens, hundreds, and so on. The amount of place values varies depending on the size and design of the abacus.
The abacus is used to teach children arithmetic. An abacus tool allows children to perform basic operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division faster than calculator
Besides enhancing the overall comprehension of mathematics, the abacus helps to children in enhancing photographic memory, speed calculation, mental calculation and also brain development process.